Cottage plot for many people is a place for summer holidays. Sometimes there are not enough amenities inside the buildings, and you have to use an open area for plumbing. In the country, the bathroom is not as necessary as the shower, so a cabin for a shower will be quite enough. Summer shower for the garden can be bought in the form of a prefabricated structure or make it yourself. This element can be put almost anywhere. The correct proportions, the principles of design and the sequence of works on the construction of the dacha shower are not complex aspects, even a beginner can master them. There are 4 main types of summer showers for different needs. All of them are characterized by availability and simplicity, but they consume a lot of water and are not convenient for everyone. There are options with heated water and without it.
Summer shower in the country - a full-fledged building. Its design can be performed in several versions. The rack is one of the simplest, even a beginner can build such a shower. The stores sell ready-made designs at a small price, you just have to collect it in the country. Another option is the panel. It is placed along the horizontal surface. It may be a fence or a wall of a house. The most common type is a stall. It consists of 3 or 4 walls and is sometimes complemented by a dressing room. You can install a shower stall almost anywhere in the area. According to the method of water supply, garden shower can be of 2 types: with a barrel and plumbing. Conventionally, there are 4 types of showers: mobile, stationary, warm and versatile. A warm shower involves warming for use in the spring and fall. Universal is a fairly large building, additionally with a dry closet.
Advantages and disadvantages
The country dacha has many advantages. An important advantage is the low price of the finished design. It is worth noting the relatively simple installation. Installing a summer shower is a convenient and profitable option for those areas where there is no bathroom and plumbing in the house. The design does not take a lot of space and fits perfectly into the situation in a small area. Clean the cab from dirt and raids is not difficult. Shower materials are able to withstand the effects of cleaning agents and large temperature drops. The negative point is a high consumption of water. In this regard, a bath would be a better option than a shower. The tank will have to regularly pour a significant amount of water. Nevertheless, in summer conditions it is much easier to make one shower, and not to install the whole plumbing system. There is one more minus - discomfort. Not everyone will be comfortable to take a shower outside the specially provided room.
The location for the shower should be chosen carefully. It is selected taking into account the location of the sunny side: it is preferable that the shower is well lit by the sun, because so the water in the tank will heat up faster. Shaded places under buildings and trees should also be avoided. They are also guided by their own preferences: for installation, you can choose the garden part of the allotment or the area around the pool or at home. The area under the cabin and close to it should be perfectly flat. Next to it, there must be a place for water discharge. Otherwise, you will need a complex layout. The shower is ideally located close to the main building. To select the right place you will need to inspect the entire territory. It is necessary to take into account all the features of the construction and to decide what kind of foundation will be needed under the cabin.
Size and design
Before the construction of the facility will need to draw a drawing. It is better to make the cabin roomy, at least 1.5 × 1.5 m. Its minimum allowable size is 1 × 1 m. It is necessary to provide a dressing room, this is 1.5 × 0.6 m. designs, including width of a bar and boards. Pipes are installed at the corners. The upper part of the structure is easier to assemble on the ground, and then attach to the side grilles. All axes must match. For the final design, durability and reliable fastening are important, it is necessary to take into account the load from a 150-200 liter capacity. Between the pillars make mowing. They should be placed in the thickness of the wall. For the floor, it is preferable to install a pallet, a large selection of which is available in household goods stores. It is placed on a raised sandy-rubble area. In the floor gaps are necessary for drainage. Given these nuances, the foundation should have a height of 20-30 cm. If there is no such foundation, the water will eventually make a dimple.
It must be borne in mind that too small an area under a building can provoke its destruction.
Material for construction
If you use polycarbonate - the shower will be practical and compact. This material is elastic and able to take any shape. The polycarbonate cubicle is easily mounted and installed almost anywhere. Thanks to this material, you can use any type of water supply, make any type of shower. Special care for polycarbonate is not needed; it does not rot, does not give in to corrosion and "is not afraid" of moisture. Such material as a brick is represented by a wide ruler. For laying the foundation and walling is better to use full-bodied. In general, the material is characterized by resistance to external influences, durability and high strength. Brick can be used to build only one element - the shower tray. One more important material in construction, the professional flooring, is applied to a laying of a roof and walls. Its advantages are hardness, durability and attractive appearance.
How to equip a shower with water supply
It is necessary to install a heating system. This does not guarantee the flow of water of the desired temperature, so it is possible that another one will be attached to the channel to mix hot and cold water and to obtain a temperature at which it is convenient to wash. If electric heating is used, then ground connections are made from two sides or close to all angles. Inside the cabin it is worth holding an adapter for the shower to make it easier for small people to wash. You will also need a removable shower head. Not far from the shower cabin, but separately from it, is placed the starter that starts the tubular electric heater (heating element). On the power supply, you must have a light bulb to display the on state. Nearby must also be a residual current device in case of a fault in the heating element. Electric heater terminals must be securely closed against water or rain.
Building a summer shower with your own hands
This process includes the following steps:
- Filling the foundation.
- Build the frame.
- Tank installation.
- Arrangement of space for water flow.
- Upgrading the building (ventilation, lighting, decoration, decor).
In order to build a shower cabin yourself, you need to find or buy tools and materials. You must be able to use them and know the appropriate rules for handling tools. At each stage of the work, a certain period of time is given, to go beyond which is not recommended. It all starts with the preparation of the base. It will be necessary to dig a hole, collect the supporting elements in the correct configuration and prepare a concrete solution. Then a frame box is made. At this stage, the design will receive outlines. The mass of a standard tank with water must create an adequate load for it - this must be taken into account in advance. The choice of the tank is also an important point, since the ease of operation and the temperature of the water will depend on it. The next step is to create a drain hole, septic tank and drainage. In some cases, the cabin must be equipped with artificial lighting and ventilation.
Required materials and tools
You will need to acquire a large number of devices. You will need tools such as a trowel, drill, handsaw, cord to fix the base level. To account for the geometric parameters, it is necessary to have a hydraulic level. For the preparation of concrete solution need a small concrete mixer. However, instead, you can use other containers specifically designed for this purpose. To dig a pit, you will need a shovel. To create a narrow hole in the ground need a drill. The work involves the use of a large number of tools. These are fasteners (including self-tapping screws), boards for placing formwork, metal pipes and poles, crushed stone for use in concrete mix, sand, cement, wooden beam. Insulating materials will also be required. In some cases, reinforcement rods are needed.
Preparing the base for the shower
The foundation of the shower will not be heavy loads, so maximum accuracy is not needed. It will take only 1 day to build the foundation. Its shape will be a smaller copy of the standard foundation, but without large elements. Depending on the properties of the soil on the land plot, the type of base is selected: columnar, slab, tape, pile. Barbed and pile options are the most commonly used.
Most stages of the construction of such grounds are absolutely identical. The depth of the pits for immersion of elements is usually 60 cm and may deviate from this indicator due to groundwater and the indicator of the strength of the soil. Formwork is made in all wells. 3-4 narrow rebars are put into the pits. The bases of the pillars are equipped with waterproofing, for example, using roofing felt. Next is preparing a concrete mix. Add rubble to it. After reaching a certain strength, the formwork is removed, but in some situations it can be left.
If you do everything geometrically correctly - you get a stable and durable construction.
Equipment drain hole / septic tank
Pit under the shower - an effective and simple option. However, the arrangement of recesses with inclined pipes, through which water will fall into the drain hole, is a more practical solution. The location of the pit is chosen taking into account such nuances as the optimal size of the pipes used (should not be too long), the ideal distance between the pit and the shower (5-8 meters). Another important point - the volume of the pit, enough for 0.5 cubic meters per person. Additionally, you need to consider the frequency of use of the shower, bath.
There are several options, what could be a septic tank, but in any case, you will need to carry out earthworks. This is a simple but laborious process. First, a foundation pit is being prepared; Services of the excavator will be relevant, so the speed of execution will increase significantly. In the pre-prepared pit level and compact the bottom. Next, create a cushioning layer of sand. The rest of the work depends on the method of construction. A septic tank is able to prevent the spread of stale water.
Septic tank and drainage should be located near the drain hole, because if water gets on these elements such unpleasant consequences are possible:
- destruction of the basement;
- soil degradation;
- unpleasant smell.
Mounting frame and its trim
Usually it is a convenient, easily assembled design that can be installed anywhere. The welding of the frame start after concreting the foundation. For the frame box, you will need a profile tube with parameters of 30 × 30 mm. A height of about 200-210 cm is quite acceptable for this design. Width and length can be made, for example, within the limits of 120-140 cm. After welding of the frame, its elements are sanded and painted. Practically any material is useful for construction work: film, slate, wood. Holes better concreted. The frame must be stable enough to withstand the water tank. You can use an inch board, in particular, to create a skin. It needs to be cut, soaked with stain, antiseptic and decorative impregnation. Then it is attached to the metal frame with screws.
Selection and installation of the tank
This element is made of plastic, steel (including stainless, galvanized, carbon). The temperature of water in plastic products changes more slowly - an important argument for choosing the first option. However, on sunny days, which are mostly in summer, the use of ironwork has more positive aspects. In the design itself may be a water heating system. The main principle of action for heated showers is access to electricity and automatic heating. With a small cooling of the water, a special mechanism works, and the water picks up the required temperature, that is, it is possible to maintain the specified value. When choosing a tank should pay attention to the weight of the product. There should be no difficulty in installing and moving the tank. At the same time, the ability to withstand large amounts of water and strength is important. A few more criteria:
- The form. There are a lot of round and square containers on sale, but the purchase of flat tanks can be the optimal solution. They are more stable and are installed even on the pitched roof.
- Colour. The darker the tank, the better. This will allow the water to warm up faster and to higher temperatures.
Lighting and ventilation
One of the easiest ways to provide both is a small window at the top of the wall. However, in the dark this option is useless. Lighting can be done personally. A diode, a radiator for its placement, a toggle switch, a glass container in the form of an empty hemisphere with a hole for a switch will be required. You will also need a battery and power supply. If electricity is conducted inside, you will need to follow the rules for laying electrical wires in rooms with high humidity. Ventilation of the room will first be performed by a natural exhaust system. An ordinary fan can work on the wall. If the shower has free space at the bottom, for example, between the legs, then this is enough to maintain freshness in the cabin. Even in the wall, you can cut a small fragment to use it for temporary forced ventilation.
Decoration and decor
In addition to oilcloth, other cladding materials can be used as skin. It will look good construction of plexiglass and slate. These are durable and water-resistant materials, but they do not keep heat well - they will not work for spring and autumn. Galvanized steel is durable, but appropriate for the warmest days of the summer season or for subtropical regions.
Plastic - a good material for finishing the shower, with resistance to water. But after low temperatures in winter and spring warming, it loses its shape and becomes brittle. When decorating the dacha shower, you can implement almost any ideas. These are climbing plants on the walls, and ensembles of several hanging pots. Showers look more presentable with wicker shapes. The role of the water tank can perform an old wine barrel.
Some more interesting decor options:
- natural or artificial flowers;
- multi-colored tiles;
- colored glass.
Installing a shower in an open space will not cost a large amount. These structures are relatively quickly assembled and require a minimum amount of additional devices. Regardless of whether the shower will be bought or created on its own, you need to decide which option is best for a particular cottage. Be sure to take into account the individual parameters and the benefits of different types of structures. If the cabin is made independently, the project outline is drawn first. After that are determined with the materials. Then comes the step-by-step workflow. The foundation and frame are being prepared, a water storage tank is selected. Then settle the territory. It should not be constantly wet or unpleasant. In the end, the shower must be trimmed and, if desired, decorated. Forced ventilation or artificial lighting may be required.