Buying or ordering interior doors is a crucial stage of interior renovation, and basic knowledge of the products on the market is indispensable. In addition to the optimal coincidence of price and quality, you need to take into account the features of the layout, so the choice of the type of doors, their quantity and dimensions is laid at the design stage of construction or repair. Properly chosen doors are functional and aesthetic, they provide insulation and communication between the rooms, being both a zoning tool and a decoration that confirms the chosen style. When installing a standard set consisting of a box, door leaf and accessories, it is necessary to ensure the presence of an aligned opening. In the case of partial replacement, dictated by the wear of materials and mechanisms, it is better to adhere to the standards of the manufacturer.
Types of doors
The material of the canvas determines not only the appearance and rules of care, but also the design of the door, methods of fastening and installation.
From the array
Doors made of solid wood on the right are in a high price range, give nobility to the interior and create a unique comfort. The natural origin of this material and the accumulated technologies of its processing provide a high degree of ergonomics. The norms of the maintenance of products from a wooden massif coincide with the requirements of air humidity and temperature necessary for the health of the inhabitants of the house. Durability with preservation of quality, high degree of insulation, the ability to upgrade and rework - the unsurpassed advantages of products made of oak, beech, ash and exotic species (mahogany, eben).
Important: The conditionality of doors from a wooden massif is determined not only by the properties of the breed, but also by the preservation of technological standards during its processing. The authenticity of the claimed product can only be guaranteed by the authority and professionalism of the manufacturer.
The basis of the leaf of such doors is sheet material made from wood chips using a special pressing technique. The coating is made with a thin layer of natural wood - veneer. Such models are considered to be an imitation of a wooden array. With quality performance in appearance, the difference can not be seen. Yielding to natural counterparts in durability and environmental friendliness, veneered doors are unpretentious in maintenance, the lacquer coating protects from moisture and temperature changes. Lightweight reduces the load on the walls, which is especially important in urban type apartments.
Relatively recently, plastic doors with metal profiles have appeared on the market and are distinguished by a wide price range, which is determined by the parameters of the canvas and the quality of fittings. The disadvantage imputed to this type of door is the association with the lifeless style of public spaces, hid at the expense of new design lines designed for living rooms. However, restrictions in style remain relevant.
The main advantages of plastic doors:
- Resistance to external factors, which excludes deformation and deterioration of coatings at high humidity, mechanical stress or temperature difference;
- Ease of maintenance and care - a smooth surface, the possibility of wet cleaning and the use of cleaning products;
- The variety of design and construction, allowing to adjust the degree of isolation, the shape of the opening, functional features.
These are doors with a box from a wooden bar and the combined cloth consisting of a filler, sheet covering of MDF and a decorative thin layer. In theory, composites of materials provide the necessary set of qualities: strength, elimination of deformation, resistance to damage, insulation. In practice, these qualities are directly dependent on the integrity of the manufacturer. The market niche of laminated doors is widespread, so the choice in this case is ensured only by the color and texture of the coating.
The market novelty is interior doors from hardened and reinforced glass, for the decoration of which various technologies of spraying, sandblasting and photo printing are used. A special type is triplex canvas, with an inner layer of resin or laminate. This is the most durable and aesthetically sound option. Corrugated glass and diamond engraving create unique effects. Environmental friendliness and resistance to external influences, as well as the original appearance justify the cost of purchasing glass doors, but the peculiarities of care and considerable weight can limit the scope of their application.
The modern approach to planning and zoning has led to the popularity of a non-standard approach to the placement of doorways and an increase in interest in the functionality of doors. Saving space and ease of operation have become important elements of modern style, which has focused on the quality of fastening and decorative door fittings.
The traditional and widespread model of door movement is a hinged door, in which the cloth fixed on one side on the hinges of the door jamb opens and closes the doorway. The design of such doors can be single-wing and double-wing. A snug fit to the box and the floor provides a high level of sound and heat insulation. The attractiveness of this option is also due to the ease of installation and the ability to use a variety of materials in a wide range of weight and dimensions.
The coupe door is a canvas that moves along the installation line due to the guides and restraining mechanisms. When opening the opening, it is located parallel to the adjacent wall, or enters a specially provided inner groove. Features of the sliding design allow rational use of the near-hole space and significantly increase operational safety. The cassette mechanism or rollers also allow you to install partitions covering only the lower compartment of the door opening to restrict access of children or animals to the room.
Such a mechanism is otherwise called pendulum. To open the door in both directions, the door leaf is mounted on a spring axle fixed in the doorway. The fastening system can be equipped with tension-adjusted door closers that provide automatic door closing. Safety and convenience - the main advantages of this design. As in the case of sliding mechanisms, it is impossible to provide hermetic closure of the opening, therefore, this option is used to distinguish premises that do not require a high degree of insulation. Swing doors need free space on both sides, so they are suitable for private houses or studios with a large area.
The multi-leaf blade and the guiding mechanism ensure the folding of the door inside the opening, which allows varying the width of the opening-closing and leads to maximum space savings. These doors serve as partitions with relatively low insulating ability. Wear and smoothness of the mechanism depends on the weight of the canvas, so lightweight plastic is most often used. This design allows you to apply soft textures - on the frame stretched canvas thick fabric or leather.
How to choose a color
The choice of color and texture of interior doors is an important step in shaping the overall style of the interior. Being the limiting elements between spaces for various purposes, they at the same time combine them in a single solution, emphasizing or softening contrasts in decoration and decor. Photo interiors with different color combinations can be an important tool for the final selection.
Under the color of the floor
Visual freedom in modern conditions is relevant not only for confined spaces, therefore, experiments with contrasting colors for the door can be justified only when you need to focus on the doorway, which in most cases leads to the effect of narrowing the space. Sharp contrasts and bright colors are used to adjust narrow corridors using the optical effect of approaching the near-door wall.
A good choice is the tonal combination with the color of the floor. The door should not merge, but at the same time, too stand out, while if it is on the border of the transition between the various coatings, then you need to focus on the overall shade. In spacious rooms, combinations that are opposite in range can be used, and the floor and the doors should be simultaneously in a warm or cold palette. Texture, for example, different versions of white oak, on the floor, exclude the use of the same coating on the doors, and vice versa. Multicolor tile coating goes well with monochrome doors completely coinciding with one of the colors.
The color of the furniture
There are no general recommendations on the color matching of furniture and interior doors, since the principle of selection depends on the general concept of finishing the room, the harmony of which can be ensured by the principle of three colors. Successful design solutions are possible with complete coincidence of furniture and door leaf, in case the other two colors are “occupied” by walls, ceiling and floor. But this is a risky option, which is on the verge of bad taste. When combining furniture with doors, it is better to be guided by tonal correspondence and similarity of textures and style. So, doors from plastic will not look with furniture under a tree.
Under the color of the walls
The overall impression of the room is formed primarily by a horizontal perspective, so the principle of selecting doors and walls is crucial. The combination method is dictated by the chosen style, contrast, masking, additional decoration of the doorway can be applied.
Same door for all rooms
In the traditional approach, involving the design of the premises in the same style and color, the doors are the same or come in a set of deaf and light transmitting composite models of the same line. Usually, a different set is selected for bathrooms and toilets, which will allow to functionally highlight this zone and ensure the moisture resistance of coatings. Another design rule - the same interior doors that go into the same room, with the exception of the entrance. As a rule, this is a hallway, living room or other common room, the decoration of which dictates the choice of colors and textures.
In the case when several styles are applied, the monotony is excluded with different storylines. The search for a compromise option in the presence of a bedroom in the style of a classic, a cabinet in the spirit of minimalism and Scandinavian cuisine may not be crowned with success. It is important to find a special highlight, which will help to enter different doors in the general background of the house. For example, depending on the layout, door panels of the same type can be used in swing and sliding structures, doors made of wood or substitutes can be painted in different colors, in some cases one-sided decoration of the canvas is used.
Light tones increase the space and give a special lightness. They look good in low ceilings, but in the case of high ceilings, this is the only right choice, as the doorway highlighted with a bright or dark shade leaves an oppressive impression.
Important: Light shades and pastel colors will be the best solution for deaf canvases in wide openings, and rooms located not the shadow side.
Doors of dark shades are used to emphasize the advantages of the layout, therefore it is important to contrast them with the walls, and the proximity to the shades of the flooring. Another option - light floors and walls and dark furniture, or decorative plinths. Dark color looks stylish with glass inserts. If you use wallpaper with a pattern and pattern, the best choice would be a monochrome dark door that matches one of the composite colors. Shades of brown and cappuccino are more suitable for warm colors, dark gray looks good in plain compositions.
Important: The fashionable color of the tree wenge - dark brown with black splashes combined with all colors, provided that it is the only dark accent in the interior.
The color of ivory (ayvori) in combination with simple door designs provides the desired neutrality, both in strict classical compositions, and in cases of style loading of the interior. It creates the effect of absence without additional masking, while against the background of such door panels, you can focus attention on decorative accessories.
Depending on the performance, white expresses luxury or simplicity. The main advantage of this color is its versatility and purity, which does not require much effort to adjust the shades. The combination with baseboards and platbands of the same color is a sufficient condition for compatibility. A small search in the contrasting composition of the white door leaf with the decor of a different color can lead to fatal results for harmony, so this option is best left to professionals. Another advantage of this color is the possibility of using an absolutely smooth canvas without protrusions and frames. This version of the swing door will look beautiful only in a pure white matte version.
Silvery and glass
Glass is used in sliding and pendulum designs designed to emphasize the originality of the owners. At the same time, various processing technologies allow you to choose any design style. This is the only option to have transparent partitions. Glass material also gives unlimited freedom for translucent variations that expand space. A unique silver shade with different transparency parameters, which is obtained by processing glass is a good find for stylists. It turns out beautiful and ergonomic imitation of a metallic coating, perfectly combined with nickel decor.
Selection under the interior style
Interior doors in the interior, depending on the approach, can play a service or accent role in the design. In the first case, it is important to inscribe them in the color scheme, select the most appropriate way of opening and introduce characteristic elements through the fittings. In the second - the door becomes the object of design art and carries the style load.
The geometric proportionality, the quality factor provided by the quality of materials determine the style features. These are primarily solid or half-glass doors made of solid wood, or veneer. The paneled structure is another characteristic feature of the classical style. Door leaf is assembled on a frame with deaf or glass inserts. This technology can be applied both on the tree and its substitutes. The combination with furniture in the Empire style, Baroque, Rococo involves covering the doors, without highlighting the wooden pattern, it is possible to use white or ivory. Gold and stucco can be an additional decor.
Smooth and streamlined silhouettes, opposing the classics through the use of solid shield canvases, geometric abstractions and disproportions characterize the modern trends of the modern style. Transparent and translucent glass, a mirror housed in a frame design, sliding and pendulum mechanisms complement the interiors designed in both neutral and bright colors. A plastic door to the veranda or balcony that complements the wide window is a suitable option for this style.
Interior doors with eco-style load is a panel of solid solid wood or veneer with a pronounced natural pattern and untreated texture. An alternative to this is the plain and discreet door design without decorative excesses. Natural color shade - a prerequisite.
Characteristic of this style, the desire for transformation leads to the widespread use of sliding and folding models. The color scheme is cold, gray-white-black with a wide use of silver and mirror surfaces. In the high-tech, you can confidently enter the door leaf from combinations of plastic and painted glass. Additional accessories for automation and remote control of doors will not interfere either.
A stylish door covering for an artificially aged or carelessly colored effect can be made with your own hands. Wooden doors with characteristic copper fittings, black or corrugated glass as the main canvas or component, sliding doors with open mechanisms are options for a loft style. Another design trick is a violation of doorway standards, which can be disproportionately wide and high. A small and disguised door can also become a stylish detail of industrial style.
Important: Loft style gives a real chance to purchase different and different doors even for a one-room apartment.